Terracotta is one of the oldest and most durable building materials. It has been used for thousands of years with the earliest recorded use dated around 10,000BC. They were also used widely in the ancient Middle East. In Europe, some of the earliest recorded uses were during the times of the Greek and Roman empires. Through the ages, terracotta has carved a reputation as a reliable and highly durable building material. They have been used in Australia for more than a century.
Terracotta is simply clay-based earthenware that is unglazed. While in the past it was used mainly for the construction of walls, today the material is widely used on flooring, roofing and in fireproofing various parts of the building. The extended use of terracotta tiles in modern construction is mainly due to vast improvements in construction techniques as well as the classical beauty that it brings out in any kind of building that it is used in.
Terracotta tiles are made by shaping and heating clay that is mixed with a variety of substances such as silica, magnesium, aluminum, water and various other natural materials. The clay is harvested, ground, screened for impurities and blended with the various materials. The clay material is extruded under higher pressure and then dried in order to get rid of the moisture. The resulting tiles are then fired in ultra high temperatures to create the terracotta tiles.
This simple crafting procedure creates high-quality tiles that offer builders and homeowners in Australia a host of advantages. Key amongst these is the durability of the tiles. They come with a very generous warranty of up to 50 years so these are tiles that will last a lifetime. They also make for very beautiful roofing. If you love the classical old Europe look and feel of the coastal areas of the Adriatic Sea, then the terracotta tiles provide the best roofing option to create that desired look.
The body of every terracotta tile is also vitrified that makes it impervious to moisture and air so you may not have to worry a lot about moss growth. The terracotta tiles are also quite resistant to UV rays. They can sit on your roof for decades and still maintain their bright colours.
Here is a detailed look at some of the main advantages of using terracotta tiles on your home construction projects:-
Excellent Colour Retention
Terracotta tiles have excellent colour retention. They will maintain the same colour with time and do not fade easily with exposure to the UV rays like other roofing materials. They can, therefore, maintain the aesthetic appeal of your premises for a long duration of time. This is largely due to the material and the way they are crafted. They are made from carefully selected natural clay which is superheated to very high temperatures of over 1000 degree Celsius. This creates tiles of incredible strength and impressive colour retention. The tiles also require very little maintenance.
Quality terracotta tiles do not have any impurities or harmful chemicals and will generally have a unique earthy red colour that adds to the aesthetic appeal of your building. It will generally give your premises a natural and rustic look and feel. The architectural style of the Adriatic and the Mediterranean coast comes to mind.
The tiles can also be crafted into a variety of shapes and sizes and put to some creative uses in various parts of the home. They can also be made into a variety of colours so if you don’t like the traditional earthy red and brown colours, you can pick various other unique colour options for a unique look.
They are Highly Durable
You will notice that many terracotta tiles have a very long warranty of up to 50 years. This also boils down to the material used-natural clays- and the process followed in crafting the terracotta tiles. The resulting tiles have a vitrified surface that is impervious to both moisture and air which are generally the main agents responsible for the disintegration of building materials. They also withstand the UV rays well and will retain their strength and colour for decades.
The terracotta tiles can also withstand a good deal of abuse without disintegrating. They will not fade, break or chip easily. If you are using terracotta tiles in your home, you will not grapple with costly long term repairs and maintenance. Whether used on floors or on your roofing, you can be sure your surfaces will continue retaining their aesthetic appeal through the ages.
Great Acoustic Performance
Unlike the noisy metallic materials and other building materials, terracotta tiles deliver excellent acoustic performance, especially when used on the roof. They have a very high density that will help dampen various external sounds such as traffic and noise from trains and planes. On average, the terracotta roof tiles can dampen loud noises by as much as 30 decibels allowing you to enjoy a relatively quiet interior environment.
Excellent Resistance to Mould and Mildew
Mould and mildew are some of the main culprits in the degradation of roofing and they will thrive where the tiling material retains a large amount of moisture and air in its pores. They not only damage the tiling but they also ruin the aesthetic appeal of your tile and home. The mould and mildew are not just a risk to the durability of your tiles; they are also a health risk. The bacteria and pathogens in the mould can cause a variety of respiratory illnesses.
With terracotta tiles, you won’t have to grapple with serious mould and mildew growth on your roof or wall tiles. These tiles are sealed and will therefore not absorb air and moisture that promote the growth of organic matter on the tile surface.
Excellent Thermal Performance
The thermal performance of a building refers to how efficiently the building regulates internal temperatures irrespective of the external temperatures. A building with excellent thermal performance is more energy efficient so you don’t have to resort to artificial heating and cooling in order to maintain the temperatures in your building at a comfortable level. This helps cuts down on your energy costs. Terracotta roofing materials are such building materials as they have excellent insulation properties.
Good Fire Resistance
Terracotta tiles are non-combustible and hence fire-proof. They are an excellent roofing material to use in an area that is prone to bushfires. They can also provide excellent protection and fire-proofing in case of electrical fires.
This combination of benefits makes terracotta tiles high-value roofing materials that deliver on all aspects of roofing requirements including strength, durability, low maintenance and the aesthetic appeal of your premises. The tiles are also non-toxic so if you are planning to harvest rainwater, you can be sure of clean and chemical-free water that you can put to various domestic uses without an adverse environmental or health impact.